Enterprise Architecture Principles Research

Organizations | Data | Literature References | Open Standard

Welcome to the ongoing and open Dragon1 Architecture Principles Research

Inform yourself on this website about the Architecture Principles Research of Mark Paauwe.

Are your Architecture Principles as effective as they should be? Do they guide the design and realization of solutions and changes?

Try to formulate your architecture principles more effectively yourself using the new Dragon1 theory on Architecture Principles, deliver input with your principles for this research, or join in one of the sessions Mark Paauwe presents about the progress.

All data that was used in this research is open to read. This does not mean it is free to use. The data is owned by the organizations that have provided it. If you want to make commercial use of the Research Data you cannot do so without prior written consent by the respective owner. Contact Mark Paauwe via mark.paauwe@dragon1.com if you want information about how to use the research data, commercially or non-commercially.

Example Architecture Principle from Building Architecture: Brise-Soleil

In this research, I am using the foundations and theories of building architecture about what is an architecture principle.

The example comes from one of our great architects of all time Le Corbusier.

Below, you see a principle details sketch showing how the concept of 'Sun Breaker' works because its first principle is to prevent overheating during a summer day and a winter day in a room but also to catch more sun at once. The principle details sketch shows it simply, and you will understand it without being an architect.

The sun breaker principle statement formulated compliant to Dragon1 is as follows
'By placing a fixed 'Horizontal Open Shades Frame' in front of a window with always taking the sun's date time-based place into account it is ensured that the room will catch less sun in the summertime at noon and keeps catching enough sun during the other seasons which results in a more comfortable room to live in and less energy needed for cooling air.

Here is a page about other examples of Brise-Soleil.

And here are some remarks about Le Corbusier knowing his inventions not so well: http://www.architectural-review.com/archive/1993-february-le-corbusier-in-the-sun/8616242.article.

The underlying theory of what is a principle, design principle, and architecture principle in building architecture differs a great deal from the mainstream practice of architecture principles in enterprise architecture.

That there is a difference, but that there needs to be no difference is subject to study in this ongoing research. A benefit from this research would be enterprise architects making also sketches and drawings of principle details like the example above.

1. Research Organization

This architecture principles research is conducted by Mark Paauwe under the supervision of Erik (H.A.) Proper of the Tudor Institute and the Radboud University of Nijmegen.

The following organizations and persons take part in this research:

  • Radboud University (NL)
  • The Henri Tudor Institute (L)
  • The Dutch Tax Services (NL)
  • Rabobank (NL)
  • DSM (NL)
  • Candidate: Rijkswaterstaat (NL)
  • Tata Steel (Int)
  • 6. < to be listed organization >

Our target is to have 10 organizations participating in the research.

For a list of all participating organizations and persons and their statements of participation, you can go here:


2. Research Plans

The way how this research is conducted is put up in a research plan. Intermediate results and the final results are published in the thesis.

If you are interested in the research plan and the thesis, you can download them here: (not available).

3. Research Data

In this research, that started in 2007, over 250 organizations have brought up lists of architecture principles. A lot of that data is open to anyone. Also, the questionnaires that architects, analysts, engineers, and managers have filled out are available to download. With this, the Dragon1 Architecture Principles Research takes off as one of the first transparent and open researches in Business Administration and Information Technology.

The architecture principles data has been categorized into the following types:

  • Enterprise Architecture Principles
  • Business Architecture Principles
  • Informatie Architecture Principles
  • Technology Architecture Principles
  • Security Architecture Principles
  • Reference Architecture Principles
  • Design Principles
  • Every day life principles

The types of architectures the data comes from are (not limited): Reference Architectures, Enterprise Architectures, Project Architectures, Solution Architectures, Business Architectures, Information Architectures, Technology Architectures, and Security Architectures.

The types of subjects, projects, or innovation the principles are about are solutions such as Shared Services Centers, Decentralization, Centralization, Digitizing, Case Management, eGovernment, eHealth, eFulfilment.

The types of organizations the data comes from are: Government, Finance, Banking, Insurance, Retail, Food, Telecom, Education, Industry, Health, and Care.

Download the questionnaires that were used to collect the architecture principles:


It is also possible to participate in the project Open Data. The research data are open datasets and available for anyone to download.

4. Research Articles

Go to the following page for the scientific papers, articles, and whitepapers on Architecture Principles that Mark Paauwe has published up until now: (not available).

5. Research Agenda

On this page, you will find the research agenda planning. It shows dates when the research started, when it is about to end, and when Mark Paauwe presents about Architecture Principles (not available).

6. Research Literature References

Below is a list of presentations, articles, and books about principles, design principles, architecture principles, and related information.

Noted is whether the information contained in the publication conforms or not conforms to the developed theory in this research.

Of course, if you find something missing or wrong on this literature page, please mail your comments and input to mark.paauwe@dragon1.com


7. Dragon1 Open Standard for Architecture Principles

The intermediate results and outcomes of this research are used to improve the Dragon1 EA Method.

Go to this page to read about the Dragon1 Open Standard for Architecture Principles: Open Standard Architecture Principles

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